Abortion Facts & Statistics


Abortion Facts, Statistics and Methods

Learning the facts about abortion can be transformative for those who support abortion. Knowing the facts and figures is necessary for those who want to change hearts and minds about abortion. Finally, understanding abortion is needed for productive dialogue, discussion and debate.

Below is an overview of the most fundamental facts. For a more in depth look, be sure to follow the links provided in each section.

Abortion Statistics

While this is a pro-life website, we’ve gone to great lengths to find unbiased sources for the information below. Using bad information only hurts our case. Because complete datasets on abortion statistics are hard to come by which means we must do the best with what is available. For these reasons, we generally look to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Guttmacher Institute as sources.

The Guttmacher Institute is considered the research arm of Planned Parenthood and is clearly not on the pro-life side. The CDC abortion data is generally considered an unbiased source for this information but it is also known to be incomplete.

How many abortions are performed in the United States each year?

According to the Guttmacher Institute, there were 1.06  million abortions performed in the United States in 2011, the most recent year for which data is available.  On average, that is 2,904 abortions each day. [1]

What is the current trend in incidence of abortion?

The number of abortions and the rate of abortion in the United States has been declining in recent years. [wikipedia/cdc][1]

How many abortions have been performed in the united States since it was legalized nationwide?

Abortion was legalized nationwide by the Supreme Court in the 1973 decision, Roe v. Wade. Since then there have been approximately 53 million abortions performed in the United States (not including years since 2011). [1]

How old are the women having abortions?

The Centers for Disease Control breaks down the age groups as follows:

Less than 15 years: 0.5%

Age 15-19: 14.6%

Age 20-24: 32.9%

Age 25-29: 24.5%

Age 30-34: 15.3%

Age 35-39:  8.9%

Age 40+: 3.4%

This means that women in their 20s accounted for the majority (57.4%) of abortions and had the highest abortion rates. [cdc]

What percentage of pregnancies end in abortion?

There were 1.005 million abortions in 2013 compared to 3.96 million live births. 20.3% of all pregnancies end in abortion in the United States.  [johnston]

What is the Race/Ethnicity of the Women having Abortions?

The Guttmacher Institute reports the abortion rates by race/ethnicity:

White: 36%

Black: 30%

Hispanic: 25%

Other: 9%

While blacks and Hispanics comprise only 28% of the population, they account for  55% of all abortions. [1]

How does Economic Status Affect who has Abortions?

The Guttmacher Institute states:

“Forty-two percent of women obtaining abortions have incomes below 100% of the federal poverty level ($10,830 for a single woman with no children).  Twenty-seven percent of women obtaining abortions have incomes between 100–199% of the federal poverty level.” [1]

How Many Abortions are Performed at each Stage of Pregnancy?

Many people draw the line of when abortion is permissible based on fetal development. The number of abortions based on the gestational age of the fetus are:

Gestational Age   Percentage   Yearly Total

< 9 weeks 33.3%   334,665

7-8 weeks   29.8%   299,490

9-12 weeks   25.7%   258,285

13-15 weeks   6.2%   62,310

16-20 weeks   3.6%   36,180

21+ weeks   1.2%   12,060

All abortions   100%   1.005 million

This means that ⅓ of abortion occur at 6 weeks of pregnancy of earlier; 89% occur in the first twelve weeks. [1]

What reasons do women give for having abortions?

“A 2004 study by the Guttmacher Institute found that the reasons most frequently cited were that having a child would interfere with a woman’s education, work or ability to care for dependents (74%); that she could not afford a baby now (73%); and that she did not want to be a single mother or was having relationship problems (48%). Nearly four in 10 women said they had completed their childbearing, and almost one-third were not ready to have a child. Fewer than 1% said their parents’ or partners’ desire for them to have an abortion was the most important reason. Younger women often reported that they were unprepared for the transition to motherhood, while older women regularly cited their responsibility to dependents.” [1]

In other studies, coercion is often reported.

Reasons U.S. Women Have Abortions:


Reasons given for having abortions in the United States.



What percentage of all abortions are because of “hard cases”?

The three most frequently cited “hard cases” in which some argue abortion might be justified are rape, incest and protecting the life of the mother. However, women rarely report that they are seeking an abortion for any of these reasons:

Rape: 0.3%

Incest: 0.03%

Protection of mother’s life: 0.2%

In other words, out of 1,000 women procuring abortion, only three cite rape as the primary reason, and only two cite protecting her life as the reason for the abortion.  Out of 10,000 women procuring abortion, only three cite incest as a reason.

Source: Johnston, Wm. Robert. Reasons Given For Having Abortions In The United States. http://www.johnstonsarchive.net/policy/abortion/abreasons.html.

Is Abortion Ever Necessary to Save a Woman’s Life?

Abortion is never necessary to save a woman’s life. Four hundred and eighty physicians have signed a public declaration stating: “I agree that there is never a situation in the law or in the ethical practice of medicine where a preborn child’s life need be intentionally destroyed by procured abortion for the purpose of saving the life of the mother.”

Source: American Life League. Declaration: Protecting the Life of the Mother. http://all.org/article.php?id=10682. abortion  facts

What are the Various Methods of Abortion?

Eight abortion methods are practiced in the U.S.:

Suction (Vacuum) Aspiration

Dilation and Curettage (D&C)

Intracardiac Injection Abortion

Dilation and Evacuation (D&E)

Dilation and Extraction (D&X or Partial-birth Abortion)

Instillation (Saline) Abortion

Prostaglandin Abortion

Chemical (Medical) Abortion

Each of these methods is described in detail below. How is a suction (vacuum) aspiration abortion performed? Suction aspiration, the most common abortion method, is typically performed when the fetus is 6-12 weeks, but can be used up to 16 weeks.  The cervix is dilated, and a hollow plastic tube with a sharp tip is inserted into the cervix and then into the uterus.  An aspirator attached to the tube tears the body of the fetus apart and suctions the pieces through the tube.

Source: Willke, John, MD and Barbara Willke. 2003. Abortion: Questions & Answers. Cincinnati: Hayes Publishing Company.

How is a D&C Abortion Performed?

In a D&C (dilation and curettage) abortion, typically performed in the first trimester, a curette (a sharp looped knife) is inserted into the uterus to scrape its walls.  The curette is then used to dismember the fetus and placenta.

Source: Willke, John, MD and Barbara Willke. 2003. Abortion: Questions & Answers. Cincinnati: Hayes Publishing Company.

How is an Intracardiac Injection Abortion Performed?

In an intracardiac abortion, a needle is guided into the fetus’ heart with the aid of ultrasound, and poison (often potassium chloride or digoxin) is injected, causing an immediate heart attack.  Intracardiac injection is most commonly used for “pregnancy reduction” abortions following in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures, if multiple embryos were implanted to increase the likelihood of pregnancy.  In these cases, the procedure is typically performed between 10 and 12 weeks gestation.Intracardiac injection is also used in late term abortions when there is likelihood of delivering a live baby, in order to avoid state laws that would require the baby to be resuscitated and given medical care.

Sources: Clowes, Brian, PhD. 2001. The Facts of Life. Front Royal: Human Life International.

Jain, John K. and Daniel R. Mishell, Jr. 2001, February. Misoprostol regimens for termination of second trimester pregnancy, Human Reproduction, 16(2).abortion  facts

How is a D&X or “Partial Birth” Abortion Performed?

A D&X (dilation and extraction) or partial-birth abortion is typically performed in the late second or third trimester.  As with a D&E abortion (see above), the cervix must first be dilated, usually with laminaria (dried seaweed sticks).  Forceps are then inserted into the uterus to grasp the fetus’ legs.  The fetus is delivered breech while the head remains inside the birth canal.  Using blunt-tipped surgical scissors, the base of the skull is pierced, and a suction catheter is inserted to extract the contents of the skull.  This causes the skull to collapse, and the dead fetus is then fully delivered. Despite the fact that the United States Supreme Court upheld the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2007, D&X abortions are still being performed.  An abortionist can avoid violating the law by first injecting the fetus with a lethal intracardiac injection to ensure that the fetus will already be dead when it is partially delivered.

Sources: Goldberg, Carey. 2007. Shots assist in aborting fetuses. Boston Globe, August 10, Health and Fitness section.

Willke, John, MD and Barbara. 2003. Abortion: Questions & Answers. Cincinnati: Hayes Publishing Company.

How is a D&E Abortion Performed?

A D&E (dilation and evacuation) abortion is typically performed in the first half of the second trimester (13-20 weeks), but can be used up to approximately 28 weeks.  At this stage of pregnancy, the fetus’ tendons, muscles, and bones are more developed.  In a D&E abortion, forceps are inserted into the uterus to forcibly dismember the fetus, and the pieces are removed one by one. Larger fetuses must also have their skulls crushed so the pieces can pass through the cervix. Typically, the cervix must be dilated for a period of one to three days prior to a D&E abortion.  This is most often done by inserting laminaria (dried seaweed sticks) into the cervix.  Therefore, a D&E abortion usually requires two visits to the abortion facility.

Source: Clowes, Brian, PhD. 2001. The Facts of Life. Front Royal: Human Life International.

How is an Instillation (Saline) Abortion Performed?

In a saline abortion, amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus and replaced with a saline solution, which the fetus swallows.  The fetus is killed by salt poisoning, dehydration, brain hemorrhage and convulsions. Saline abortions, typically performed in the second and early third trimester, are rarely used today, due to the risk of particularly serious health complications to the woman.

Source: Clowes, Brian, PhD. 2001. The Facts of Life. Front Royal: Human Life International.

How is a Prostaglandin Abortion Performed?

In a prostaglandin abortion, a dose of prostaglandin hormones is injected into the uterine muscle, which induces violent labor resulting in the death of the fetus.  Prostaglandin abortions, typically performed in the second and early third trimester, are rarely used today, due to the relatively high chance that the fetus will survive the abortion and be born alive.

Source: Clowes, Brian, PhD. 2001. The Facts of Life. Front Royal: Human Life International.

How is a Chemical (Medical) Abortion Performed?

In a chemical abortion, also called a medical abortion, a woman is administered an abortifacient compound called mifepristone (also called RU-486 or Mifeprex). Mifepristone blocks the action of progesterone, the natural hormone vital to maintaining the lining of the uterus. As the nutrient lining disintegrates, the embryo starves.  Subsequently, the woman takes a dose of artificial prostaglandins which initiate uterine contractions and cause the embryo to be expelled from the uterus.  Abortions by mifepristone are usually done prior to 49 days gestation.

Source: Willke, John, MD and Barbara Willke. 2003. Abortion: Questions & Answers. Cincinnati: Hayes Publishing Company.

Sharing the Pro-Life Message Chicago: Pro-Life Action League, 2009. Print.

Now you know some of the facts, learn how to share the pro-life message here, or keep learning by the links below.


Abortion Fact References, Sources and Citations:

[1] Guttmacher Institute, 2014, July. Facts on Induced Abortion in the United States.


Abortion Facts:

Numbers, Statistics, and Abortion Methods

What is the Legality of Abortion Around the World? (#105)

Are males just as likely to be aborted as females? (#217)

Sex-Selective Abortions: The Ultimate Form of Sexism, Coming to a Clinic Near You (#66)

Are abortions much rarer in developed countries? (#254)

Does Russia have a higher number of abortions than the United States? (#255)

What is the current state of abortion policy in Mexico? (#231)

What impact has the one-child policy had on children in China? (#250)

Do American taxpayer dollars go to fund abortions overseas? (#258)

Is the number of abortions worldwide decreasing? (#259)

Culture of Death: Abortion as a Form of Population Control (#67)

Of the estimated 208 million pregnancies that occurred worldwide in 2008, 33 million (16%) resulted in unintended births and 41 million ended in induced abortions. (20%) (#19)
Who is having Abortions?
Abortions by Age

Half of all abortions are performed on women 24 years old or younger (#33)

Only 2% to 3% of the more than 1,000,000 teenagers who will become pregnant this year will place their child for adoption. Over 40% will choose abortion. (#29)

In 2007, adolescents under 15 years obtained .05% of all abortions, but had the highest abortion ratio, 768 abortions for every 1,000 live births. (#12)

Every year, two percent of women ages 15-44 have an abortion. Nearly half of abortions are performed on women who have already had at least one abortion. (#257)
Abortions by Race

Is the Abortion Industry Racist?
Planned Parenthood: Targeting Its Abortion Services To Minorities (#55)


Since 1973, approximately 16 million black babies have had their lives ended by abortion. Although blacks account for less than 13% of the population, black women receive more than one third of all abortions. (#56)

Disproportionately High Abortion Rate for Black Americans

Are black leaders in line with the beliefs of their members? (#54)


Hispanic women account for between 20-25% of all abortions, and Hispanic women are two times more likely to have an abortion than white women. (#57)


Some who are pro-choice imply that non-white women should worry that their child will not Be adopted, should they? (#146)
Abortions by Religion
Abortions by Income
Abortion because of poverty? Approximately 58% of the women who received abortions in 2008 did not meet the criteria to qualify them as being considered poor. (#9)

However, a single woman living below the poverty line is four times more likely to have an
abortion than a woman making at least $30,000 each year.

Reasons Given for Abortion

98% of all abortions are related to issues of “personal choice.” (#28)


Only 0.53% of abortions fall into the category of a “hard case” – rape, incest, or protection of the mother’s life. (#27)

Wanting to keep the pregnancy a secret? Approximately 40% of minors having an abortion report that neither of their parents knew about the abortion. (#15)

Percent of Abortions during each Gestational Period

Most abortions are performed in the first trimester. (#30)

Are Abortions More Acceptable If They Are Done Early On In The Pregnancy? (#2)

Types of Abortion Procedures

Surgical Abortions
Cut-Throat Abortion Procedures (#5)


The Abortion Industry: Building a World of Fantasy (#8)


Abortion Procedures: Which is the Most Gruesome of them All? Partial Birth Abortions (#6)

Medical Abortions

What is RU-486? (#7)


Guidelines for Abortions

Must a physician be present to perform an abortion? (#120)


Can a doctor be forced to perform abortions? Should medical professionals be able to refuse committing them? (#227)

Forcing Doctors to Take Innocent Lives (#11)

Are abortions much different than any other type of medical procedure? (#158)

The Abortion Industry: A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing (#116)


(For more information on access to abortion, please visit the Questions of Law page)

Date Modified: 2/14/16